Ceramics (derived from the Greek word κεραμικός keramikos, means: ‘burning substance’). It is the art of making containers, pots and other objects out of clay or other ceramic material by using heat to transform into terracota.
The history of ceramics is linked to the history of almost all people in the world. It covers the same evolutions and dates and its study is linked to the relations of human beings who have contribute to the progress of this art. The invention of pottery took place during the Neolithic Era, when containers became necessary to store surplus crops produced by the practice of agriculture. At first this pottery was modelled by hand, using techniques such as pinch, COLOMBIN or plate (hence the irregularities of the surface), and where left to dry in the sun in hot countries and near tribal fires in the cold northern countries.
Later it began to be decorated with geometric motifs through incisions in the dry, and more complex, perfect and beautiful elaborations to determine , along with the application of cooking, the emergence of a new profession: the potter. According to diffusionist theories, the first people who started making pottery utensils with more sophisticated techniques and used ovens to bake the pieces were the Chinese. from China their knowledge passed on to Korea , Japan and on to the East and toward the West, Persia and North of Africa.
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